A Behavioural Approach to International Climate Negotiations

An Analysis of Latin American Strategies from Berlin to Paris

  • Verónica Gutman University of Buenos Aires
Keywords: Behavioural Change, Climate Change, International Negotiations, Latin America, Mitigation Commitments, Paris Agreement

Abstract

The article analyses the strategies of Latin American countries in international climate negotiations, their main determinants and modifications in the last twenty years. It aims at understanding why at the beginning of the negotiation process in the 1990s Latin American countries were reluctant to make GHG mitigation commitments but at present they have all signed the Paris Agreement and are working on implementing their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Content analysis was performed on Latin American delegates’ declarations in UNFCCC Climate Change Conferences (COPs) between 1995 and 2014. The article identifies the economic and governance incentives that have been introduced in the international climate regime to induce behavioural change among developing countries’ decision makers, including economic instruments (carbon markets), higher recognition of equity issues within the UNFCCC participation mechanisms, availability of new information, climate finance provision and growing trade restrictions for market access based on the carbon content of exported products.

Author Biography

Verónica Gutman, University of Buenos Aires

Verónica Gutman, from Buenos Aires (Argentina), is a PhD graduate specialising in Environmental Economics, climate change and sustainable development. She received her PhD degree in ‘Economic Sciences’ at the University of Buenos Aires in 2015. Her PhD thesis focused on climate change negotiations and mitigation incentives. She currently works at the Torcuato Di Tella Foundation (FTDT) in Buenos Aires. Her interests include the Economics of climate change, international negotiations, climate policy, regulatory frameworks, climate finance, carbon prices, carbon markets, low emission development strategies and behavioural change. 

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Published
2019-12-13
How to Cite
Gutman, V. (2019). A Behavioural Approach to International Climate Negotiations: An Analysis of Latin American Strategies from Berlin to Paris. Politikon: The IAPSS Journal of Political Science, 43, 7-31. https://doi.org/10.22151/politikon.43.1
Section
Articles