Sociodemographic Characteristics and Political Attitudes as Correlates of Women Voters’ Electoral Participation in Counties in Kenya

The Case of 2013 Polls

  • Thomas Ibrahim Okinda Maseno University, Kenya
  • Benson Oduor Ojwang Maseno University, Kenya
  • Charles Ongadi Nyambuga Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa
Keywords: Electoral Participation, Kakamega County, Kenya, Political Attitudes, Political Efficacy, Political Knowledge, Political Interest, Sociodemographic Characteristics, Women Voters


This article examines sociodemographic characteristics and political attitudes predicting women voters’ participation in the 2013 general election in Kakamega County, Kenya. Survey data from 372 women voters were collected from this county, the second most populous among the 47 counties in Kenya. Using these data, a two-stage hierarchical multiple regression was conducted with 13 predictors and electoral participation as the dependent variable. In stage one, sociodemographic characteristics accounted for 27 % of the variation in women voters’ electoral participation.  In stage two, sociodemographic characteristics and political attitudes contributed to 47 % of the variance in women voters’ participation in the 2013 polls in Kakamega County. Significant predictors of women voters’ electoral participation were: age, education, income, political knowledge, political interest, and sense of civic duty. The article makes recommendations for enhancing women’s electoral participation through legal reforms as well as civic and voter education.

Author Biographies

Thomas Ibrahim Okinda, Maseno University, Kenya

Thomas Ibrahim Okinda from Kenya, received his Bachelor’s degree in Information Sciences from Moi University, Kenya and his MA in Communication Studies from the University of Nairobi, Kenya. He is currently a PhD candidate in Communication and Media Studies at Maseno University, Kenya. His research interests include gender, media and politics.

Benson Oduor Ojwang, Maseno University, Kenya

Benson Oduor Ojwang from Kenya, received his PhD in Linguistics from Maseno University, Kenya. He also holds a B. Ed and MA in Linguistics from University of Nairobi, Kenya. Currently, he is a senior lecturer of Linguistics at Maseno University.

Charles Ongadi Nyambuga, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa

Charles Ongadi Nyambuga from Kenya, received his PhD in Political Communication and Conflict from Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa. He holds Bachelors and Master’s degrees in Mass Communication and Journalism from Marathwada University, India.


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How to Cite
Okinda, T. I., Ojwang, B. O., & Nyambuga, C. O. (2020). Sociodemographic Characteristics and Political Attitudes as Correlates of Women Voters’ Electoral Participation in Counties in Kenya: The Case of 2013 Polls. Politikon: The IAPSS Journal of Political Science, 44, 63-87.